Industrial Hemp Summer Study Meets with North Dakota Commissioner of Ag in Pierre Today

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Industrial hemp has been on the minds of South Dakota legislators this summer as they work to develop a bill Governor Noem will sign in 2020. And today (August 19, 2019), several legislators met in Pierre with Doug Goehring, North Dakota Commissioner of Agriculture and leaders from other states where the agriculture crop is legal.

“We’re working to come up with legislation everyone can be comfortable with,” explains Lee Qualm, House Majority Leader and Chair of Industrial Hemp Summer Study.

After the South Dakota Senate failed to override Governor Noem’s veto of House Bill 1191, which would have legalized industrial hemp, a group of legislators, including Minority Whip and District 28A Representative, Oren Lesmeister began meeting with officials from states where industrial hemp is grown and processed, to learn how state departments of agriculture work with law enforcement, farmers and citizens.

“We are seeing that these states have strict rules in place, but we also see that the fear industrial hemp is a backway to produce the drug, marijuana, is unwarranted,” Lesmeister, a Parade rancher and small business owner explains. “We have also learned farmers can make money from this.”

New marketing opportunities from the hardy crop that can be grown in nearly every region of South Dakota, are the reason Qualm and Lesmeister voted to legalize growing the crop during the 2019 Legislative Session.

“Industrial hemp is the first new crop that has come along in decades,” says Qualm, a Platte farmer. “It provides the opportunity to add value to a crop before it leaves the state. We are so used to shipping out raw commodities instead of processing them here.”

“Industrial hemp would give South Dakotans opportunities,” adds Lesmeister. “I say South Dakotans, not just farmers or ranchers, because it’s the business as a whole, through manufacturing opportunities that could benefit the entire state.”

The men hope what they learned from today’s discussions will help their committee develop legislation that will pass in 2020. Other members of the Industrial Hemp Summer Study include Committee Vice Chair Rocky Blare, Ideal; Representatives Shawn Bordeaux, Mission; Bob Glanzer, Huron; Tim Goodwin, Rapid City; Randy Gross, Elkton; Nancy York, Watertown and Senators Red Dawn Foster, Pine Ridge; Joshua Klumb, Mount Vernon and Reynold Nesiba, Sioux Falls.

Learn more during South Dakota Farmers Union State Fair panel discussion
Members of one of the state’s largest farm and ranch organizations are watching the progression of the new industrial hemp bill closely. “Legalizing the growing of industrial hemp has been part of our policy since 2018, because our family farmers and ranchers need new opportunities. And industrial hemp is a new, potentially high-value opportunity,” explains South Dakota Farmers Union President, Doug Sombke, a fourth-generation Conde farmer.

The delay caused by the Governor’s veto troubles Sombke and Lesmeister because they are concerned neighboring states, will race to develop processing infrastructure ahead of South Dakota.

Qualm shares the concern, but believes opportunities still exist. “We are a bit behind the 8-ball, we will see some rules in September or October from USDA, and the FDA may take longer than that. I don’t think we are too far behind,” he says.

Which is the reason, today’s discussion is so important. “Due to a stressed ag economy, producers are losing money year-after-year. South Dakota producers need more options to diversify and be profitable, they need more tools in their tool belts. The legalization of industrial hemp production will tell our producers that we want them to succeed,” says Luke Reindl, Communications & Policy Specialist with S.D. Farmers Union. “As a grassroots organization our members set our policy, and many of our family farmers and ranchers would like to be able to grow industrial hemp, so legalizing industrial hemp will be a priority for us as we approach the 2020 Legislative Session.”

And, today’s discussion showed there’s still a lot of work to be done if an industrial hemp bill will pass Legislative Session 2019, explains Mitch Richter, S.D. Farmers Union Lobbyist. “We heard from North Dakota and Montana on how they dealt with issues around licensing, law enforcement and testing, yet South Dakota’s State Dept. of Ag as well as Public Safety brought up the same questions they had during Legislative Session. They are still stuck on the fact that hemp and marijuana are similar, but they have not moved beyond that with plans for how they will deal with testing, licensing and fee structure. I know the legislators on the Summer Study have done the legwork and research, but it looks like they have a long way to go before the Governor will sign legislation to legalize hemp in South Dakota.”

As South Dakota’s farmers and ranchers wait on lawmakers, Lesmeister encourages them to begin researching today. “Don’t wait for someone to hand you the information. Don’t wait until legislation is passed. Farmers need to be doing their research today, because the minute a bill does pass legalizing industrial hemp, things will move quickly and growers need to be prepared,” explains Lesmeister, who began researching industrial hemp opportunities a few years ago after the 2014 farm bill opened the door for states to grow industrial hemp on a trial basis.

“The U.S. has been the biggest user of hemp in the world for years. Now, that we are growing it here, we have years of research to pull from Europe and other countries where they’ve been growing and processing industrial hemp for years,” says Lesmeister, who is most excited about the opportunities to add value to industrial hemp by processing it in South Dakota. “Depending on where they plan to market it, and the variety they plant, industrial hemp can bring farmers between $1,000 to $14,000- an-acre.”

Lesmeister references a study conducted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) pointing to industrial hemp as an ingredient used in more than 17,000 products – ranging from granola bars, healthcare, cosmetics and clothing to cattle feed and hempcrete, a stronger, lighter-weight, industrial-grade concrete.

To learn more, attend the South Dakota Farmers Union Industrial Hemp panel discussion, held on the Freedom Stage at the South Dakota State Fair, at 1 p.m. August 31 during Farmers Union Day at the State Fair.

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S.D. Farmers Union Celebrates Community Heroes, Farmers & Ranchers During SDFU Day at the State Fair

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South Dakota Farmers Union (SDFU) will celebrate community heroes, family farmers and ranchers and educate consumers on current challenges facing our state’s No. 1 industry of agriculture during the 2019 Farmers Union Day at the South Dakota State Fair, Aug. 31.

“State Fair is a celebration of the people who make up our state’s No. 1 industry of agriculture,” explains Doug Sombke, S.D. Farmers Union President and fourth-generation Conde farmer. “It’s an industry, whose people are really struggling right now because of uncooperative weather and markets. So, this year, I see the state fair as a good place for those of us who work the fields and care for livestock to support one another and feel the support from our many friends, neighbors and supporters throughout the state.”

Clark farmer Gail Temple would agree. “State Fair is like a family reunion. It’s a statewide gathering that supports farmers. It’s where farmers from across the state bring all their best crops and livestock and 4-H kids bring their best displays.”

Temple, and her husband, Brad, raise crops and cattle. Temple also serves as District 3 board member. She will be among a group of Farmers Union volunteers to help host the organization’s annual Farmer’s Share Lunch.

Farmer’s Share Lunch is designed to educate consumers on the current low prices facing South Dakota’s farmers and ranchers. During the lunch hour, Farmers Union will only charge fairgoers the price a South Dakota farmer or rancher would receive for the ingredients used to make a $12 lunch.

This year the organization will only be collecting 25 cents. “When consumers buy a pound of burger at the store and pays $4, they think I’m making $4 a pound for the cattle I raise. This simply isn’t the case,” explains Joel Keierleber, who farms near Winner. “Consumers really don’t understand that most of their food dollars go to the middle-man. For example, I only receive $1.73 for that pound of burger, and that is not counting how much it cost me to produce and market the cow.”

And, like every cow/calf producer in South Dakota, Keierleber is responsible for the health and welfare of the cattle day-in and day-out until they are sold to a feeder or processor.
“As farmers or ranchers, we’re the ones taking care of the critter for up to two years and receiving a very small fraction of the grocery store price,” Keierleber explains.
Each year the farmers share lunch feeds more than 1,000.

“This is one of our largest education events,” says Karla Hofhenke, SDFU Executive Director. “Education is a mission our grassroots organization takes seriously.”

Throughout the year, SDFU hosts education events for youth, rural professionals and community leaders and farm and ranch couples. They also provide youth with farm safety education through the SDFU Farm Safety Trailer. The trailer will also be at the fair. A mobile, interactive classroom designed to provide rural youth with farm safety training.
Fairgoers will have an opportunity to go through the trailer during the state fair.

Team up for Farm Safety Quiz Bowl
Another way the organization emphasizes farm safety is through the Team Up for Farm Safety Quiz Bowl.

Sombke and Hofhenke invite everyone to watch rural youth in action by attending the 2019 S.D. Farmers Union Team Up To Safety Quiz Bowl championship, held at 2 p.m. on the Freedom Stage across from the Farmers Union Tent.

“The quiz bowl is a fun way for high school students to learn about safety on the farm or ranch,” says Hofhenke, of the competition that asks FFA members questions on farm and ranch safety.

The following FFA chapters qualified to compete during the 2019 State FFA Convention: Wolsey Wessington, Hoven, Howard and Platte-Geddes.

Community heroes honored with Rural Dakota Pride awards
At 10:30 a.m., Farmers Union will recognize five South Dakotans for their selfless contributions to rural communities across the state with the Rural Dakota Pride award.
The honorees include Rich Bakeberg, Frederick; Jeannie Hofer, Huron; Jim Lane, Groton; Angie Mueller, Ethan; and Franklin Olson, Pierpont.

As an organization which supports South Dakota farmers and ranchers, Farmers Union understands the integral connection between those who work in South Dakota’s No. 1 industry and their rural communities.

“One cannot survive without the other,” says Karla Hofhenke, Executive Director of S.D. Farmers Union. “Without thriving communities, it’s difficult to encourage young people to return to their family’s farm or ranch. Rural communities are key to the future of South Dakota’s agriculture industry, which is why we like to recognize those individuals who help them thrive.”

Scholarships Awarded
The organization will also announce the South Dakota students who receive $1,000 scholarships for post-secondary education as part of the Farmers Union Foundation and Farmers Union Insurance Agency 2019 Insuring a Brighter Tomorrow Scholarship.

Since 2008, SDFU Foundation has awarded more than $300,000 in scholarships to students attending South Dakota post-secondary schools.

The recipients were chosen from among a large pool of applicants. They were scored based on a combination of academic record, activities and awards, financial need and an essay relating to how they will “Insure a Brighter Tomorrow” in South Dakota.

Farmers Union Insurance agents throughout the state fund this scholarship program administered by the Farmers Union Foundation.

“Education is one of the three pillars upon which Farmers Union is built. Year-round, Farmers Union invests in providing leadership, cooperative and farm safety educational programming to school-age rural youth across South Dakota,” Sombke explains.

Recipients include the following students: Abbie Bratland, daughter of Curwin & Kim Bratland, Willow Lake High School; Bayden Schneider, son of Jason & Velda Schneider, Chester Area High School;Benjamin Sees, son of Mike & Kris Sees, Irene-Wakonda High School; Brandon Volmer, son of Todd & Rona Volmer, Winner High School; Brittany Delzer, daughter of Glen & Cheryl Delzer Sturgis Brown High School; Caleb Nugteren, son of Darin & Lisa Nugteren, Canistota High School; Conner Edelman, son of Kevin & Lisa Edelman, Menno Public High School; Elise Heesch, daugher of Loran & Yvette Heesch, Sisseton High School; Emily Buse, daughter of Gary & DeeAnna Buse, Lennox High School; Jaedyn Oplinger, daughter of Linda Oplinger, Menno Public High School;  Justin Edelman, son of Del & Brenda Edelman, Menno Public High School; Justin Goetz, son of Trent & Goetz & Patricia Pudwill, Selby Area High School; Kaitlyn Carlon, daughter of Ronald & Nancy Carlon, Canton High School; Kendra Johnson, daughter of Wayne & Nancy Johnson, Webster Area High School; Kristin Kotes, daughter of Greg Kotes & Angel Eddy, Bridgewater-Emery High School; Liza Schoenbeck, daughter of Loren & Lisa Schoenbeck, Webster Area High School; Morgan Feddersen, son of Chris & Beth Feddersen, Jones County High School; Paydon Casper, son of Eric & Laurie Casper, Lake Preston High School; Spencer Lund, son of Brian & Kari Lund, St. Thomas More High School; Sydney Hoffman, daughter of Jeff & Deanna Hoffman, Bridgewater-Emery High School; Sydney Smith, daughter of Jay & Sherry Smith, Redfield High School; Tess Oplinger, daughter of Linda Oplinger, Menno Public High School; Tessa Menzel, daughter of CJ & Mandie Menzel, Philip High School;  Trevor Frost, son of Travis & Kaylin Frost, Redfield High School andTrista Frost, daughter of Travis & Kaylin Frost, Redfield High School.

Visit to meet the scholarship winners who represent more than 20 South Dakota communities.

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S.D. Farmers Union Celebrates Camp Crook Ranch Family

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By Lura Roti for SDFU

Someone once asked Darwin Latham’s grandpa Frank about his heritage. His answer? “Texan,” says the Camp Crook rancher.

As the story goes, Frank’s uncles, Doc and Willie, were among the area’s early settlers, first arriving in the 1880s, driving herds for Texas cattle companies.

They trailed up herds from Texas. “They worked for both the CY Cattle Company and the 101 Cattle Company,” Darwin explains. “Then they began ranching. For a time, Doc was part-owner of the famous bucking horse Tipperary.”

Born in Texas, Frank’s dad died when he was only 2, so his uncles, Doc and Willie encouraged his mom, Mattie, and stepdad, along with his younger brother John, to relocate from Texas.

It wasn’t easy. They tried homesteading several claims and moved around trying to make a go of it. After Frank’s stepdad’s death, Mattie and John moved to a small ranch just north of Camp Crook which is still in the family today.

Frank served in France during World War I as a truck driver. After the war, he put his heavy-equipment experience to work as a “cat skinner” driving a dozer helping build state highways. The money he earned helped him get a start ranching on his own.

In 1928, Frank and his young wife, Esther (Bickerdyke), started ranching on land north of Camp Crook along the Little Missouri River. Their oldest child, Erwin, Darwin’s dad, remained on the ranch.

Darwin and his sons, John, 33, and Jason, 30, continue to ranch there today.

“There are two stories about why we still have the place. One is we are too stubborn to give up and leave. The other is we were too broke to leave. Maybe the real truth is, it is a good place to be, so why go anywhere else,” Darwin says.

And, thanks to these efforts, Darwin, his wife, Kay, and their sons are the fifth generation of Lathams to ranch in the Camp Crook area. The family raises a commercial herd of black Angus/Hereford-cross cattle and sell some registered bulls.

Originally, like all their neighbors, the Lathams raised Hereford cattle. Then black became the preferred color and sale barn prices changed their allegiance.

“We’d get $50 less. Our cattle were the same weight and everything. It was their color, so we switched to black Angus bulls and put them on our Hereford cows,” Darwin explains.

Then, they noticed the bulls weren’t holding up. “They were overdeveloped and couldn’t make it on just grass. Their feet would go bad and they’d break down when we turned them out with the cows on the forest service allotment in the summer,” John explains.

As a result, John bought some registered Angus cows at a dispersion and began raising his own bulls. “We figured the bulls needed to be developed on the same feed as our cows – grass, hay and cake. That will allow them to develop slower but last longer and remain sound,” John says.

“We hand-feed the bull calves because we had some temperament issues with purchased bulls as well. Our main bull-feeding crew are Jason’s sons, my mom and my daughter,” John says.

John’s daughter, Joy, is 3 and Jason and his wife, Kaeloni, have two sons, Jaydon, 4, and Jarrett, 2.

To keep fresh genetics in the herd, John AI’s his registered cows and buys cleanup bulls. “I review catalogues extensively to get just what I’m looking for,” he explains.

In addition to temperament, strong maternal traits and feed efficiency top the list. “Fertility, moderate frame, weaning weights and growth round out the rest of the list,” Jason explains, their cattle need to gain well on rangeland as well as the forest service land they lease in the Custer National Forest.

Their focus has been working. For the last two decades, the Lathams have sold calves right off their ranch, direct to the same Sisseton feeder.

“He is very happy with how our calves perform for him, and we settle on a price ahead of time so we know there won’t be a market wreck on shipping day,” Darwin explains.

Like his grandfather, keeping things going for the next generation still takes gumption and creativity.

During the most recent drought, 2016- 17, the Lathams weren’t able to put up hay at home and lost some cattle to salinity poisoning when the water in their dams went bad.

Because access to water impacts pasture rotation, since 2003, the men have worked to install miles of waterlines, tanks and solar-pumped wells.

“We’ve worked hard to get live water everywhere,” explains John.

For the solar wells, the family was able to get some cost-sharing help from the Natural Resources Conservation Service, Environmental Quality Incentives Program funds and Emergency Conservation Program. The funds were made available during recent drought years when they had to haul water.

Even on overcast or snowy days, the solar-powered wells run continuously – keeping tanks thawed out on the coldest of days.

“They are easy to put in now, because we know what we’re doing,” Darwin explains.

Thankfully, there’s been plenty of moisture this year, “Our Little Missouri River is up longer than I’ve ever seen it in my lifetime. Typically, by this time of year you can walk across without getting your feet wet, but today, it’s 10-feet deep. The best clover year we’ve ever had.”

“We’re pretty well watered up. It allows for better utilization of pastures,” Darwin adds.

“And the cows and calves look much better,” says Jason.

The Lathams manage their summer pastures on a seasonal rotation. If they go into a pasture in the spring one year, they use it in the fall the next year. “It gives the cool- and warm-season grasses a break and as long as there’s moisture, it works pretty well,” Darwin says. “I can remember from an early age, my granddad Frank and dad told me, ‘if you take care of the ranch, it will take care of you.’”

Darwin’s focus on water began when he returned to ranch full time with his dad, Erwin, in 1994. He and his wife, Kay, had been working as teachers. They jumped at the opportunity to raise their sons on the ranch.

“We felt this was a great place to raise kids. You don’t have a lot of violence and crime here, not like a lot of places,” Darwin says.

The boys attended the multi-grade school in Camp Crook through the eighth grade. “I loved it,” says John, comparing it to the traditional elementary school experience he had prior to moving to the ranch. “You are with kids above and below you, so you learn a lot from your peers, and you get to help the younger kids. We all had combined recess and played kickball together. We even worked on subjects like history, social science and science projects together.”

“In a country school, you don’t have clicks because there are only about 20 kids in the whole school, so everyone needs to get along,” Jason adds.

Like their dad, John and Jason enjoyed working on the ranch and, after college they both planned to return home to ranch. The time was right in 2012. Darwin needed extra help because their grandpa Erwin was fighting cancer and wanted to stay on the ranch. “We were able to honor that and take care of him here,” Jason says.

Jason was the first to return home. He had and had been able to save up some money to build up the herd he began as an elementary student. Jason’s wife, Kaeloni, does billing and payroll for a local construction company. John, after teaching and coaching for several years, returned to the ranch in 2018 and works as a loan officer for Pioneer Bank.

Jason and John have slowly built their own commercial herd and were fortunate enough to recently buy some pasture close to the main ranch. Both men agree, having off-ranch income helps them survive the weather-related events as well as volatile markets.

While John got his first heifer calf from Grandpa Erwin, Jason actually received his first calf as part of a local program, established by Ludlow rancher, Claude Olson, to help kids get their start with cattle. Through the Olson Livestock Foundation, first-graders in Harding County can apply for a heifer calf. Then, three years later, they donate back one of her heifer calves.

The Olson Foundation is just one example of the strong community the Lathams belong to, and, yet another reason the men wanted to return to the ranch.

“We’re so sparsely populated, but because we only have one high school in Buffalo, we know people from all over Harding County – we have people who are good friends and we consider as neighbors even if they live 25 to 50 miles away,” Darwin says.

“In the spring and fall we do a lot of neighboring, trading work, branding and working cattle. There are about seven families in our crew who rotate around and help each other,” Jason explains.

Branding, the men explain, is a social event everyone looks forward to each spring. “After being cooped up all winter, it’s nice to get out and see people,” Jason says. “When you feel like you have had a crap winter, you hear about the one guy who buried his tractor in the snow and had to climb out his back window. It makes the day that you had all the pickups buried in the snow not seem quite so bad.”

Beyond the good times, community members watch out for one another in small ways, like delivering parts. “One challenge of living rural is the distances you have to go to get parts. Getting parts when you break down during haying can take one to four hours, depending on where you need to go for the part. At the Case-IH dealership 65 miles away there’s a sign on the counter asking in-store customers if they are from one of the towns listed, would they be willing to drop a part off for a neighbor in that community waiting for a part,” Darwin explains.

And in big ways. Darwin shares about a time a few years ago when an area ranch had a TB outbreak in their herd. “Everyone who shares a fenceline with them had to test. It happened right before calving season. It was a terrible deal. You don’t want to work cows before calving, but we had to. We had phone calls from our bankers, feed salesmen, insurance salesmen and others asking if they could come out and help us work cattle,” Darwin says. “Relationships you develop in agriculture are like nothing you can find in any other field.”

To give back, the Lathams are all actively involved in the community. Jason and Kay serve on the fair board, John and Jason serve on the church council, Darwin has served on the school board and is president of the EMT association. John currently serves on the Harding County Economic Development board and Jason has served as a director of Stockgrowers. Darwin, Kay and Jason are volunteer EMTs and John and Kaeloni are drivers for the Harding County Ambulance Service. ”We feel that part of leaving a legacy for your children and grandchildren is leaving not only a sustainable ranch, but a strong sustainable community. We have benefited from a great community and we want to give back and pay it forward to the next generations,” says Darwin.

“We have a lot of history here. I know it because I grew up with Granddad Frank, and although he wasn’t one of the first ones, he knew all the first ones,” Darwin explains. “This area was, is and will continue to be a great place to live and raise a family.”

To view more photos of the Latham family, click here.

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Value Added Agriculture Center Celebrates 20 Years

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Turning a good idea into a successful business isn’t simple – just ask Cheri Rath.

“Business plans, feasibility studies, research and development … there are so many spokes in the wheel. It is challenging, cumbersome, expensive and takes time,” explains Rath, Executive Director of South Dakota’s Value Added Agriculture Development Center.

Guiding South Dakota’s agricultural entrepreneurs through this process has been the focus of the non-profit organization since its inception 20 years ago, explains Lake Preston farmer and S.D. Farmers Union (SDFU) Vice President Wayne Soren. “We needed an organization where farmers, ranchers and rural citizens can go when they think they have an idea for a business, to help them get it off the ground,” explains Soren, who represents SDFU on the Value Added board of directors. “You think you have an idea, but what do you do next? You have to be able to manufacture, market and be financially savvy. In general, most people have the skills to do one of those three things. Sometimes two of those three. But almost never does anyone have the know-how or resources to do all three effectively.”

This is where the Value Added Ag Development Center comes in, Rath explains. “We are able to walk people through the process. We can step in and put ink to paper to help them get the necessary paperwork done to apply for grants or put together their business plan or have a feasibility study done – we consider ourselves the hub of the project, we hold their hands through the entire process, while bringing partnering resources to the table,” she says.

And, it’s working. Since 1999, 79 percent of all ideas that go through the Value Added Ag Development Center process, became a reality. Today, 41 percent are still operational. This is compared to the statewide average of 10 percent.
SDFU is among the founding sponsors of the organization, which provides all its services at no cost.

“Our membership, sponsors like Farmers Union, are instrumental to our being available to producers,” explains Rath, who says the organization also finds ways to leverage grant dollars to help finance the services they provide, and help entrepreneurs with research and development or other start-up expenses.
Grants discovered through the Value Added Ag Development Center helped Spearfish hops grower, Steve Polley cover costs associated with research and development. Polley began working with the Value Added Ag Development Center about 10 years ago, after he harvested his first crop of hops, and decided to preserve the crop by freezing it instead of drying it. Technical assistance provided by the Value Added Ag Development Center has also guided Polley with business planning and marketing strategy as Dakota Hops moves into commercialization of his unique hops products.

“To my knowledge, we are the only grower who freezes hops for brewing beer,” Polley explains. In fact, after doing some research, Polley found only one journal article from the 1940s, where Oregon State University professors tried freezing hops to determine if it could be done. “They found it could be done, and the article said they thought it would make excellent beer, probably better beer than dried hops.”

Hops are among the main ingredients found in many varieties of beer, and according to Polley, although they are labor-intensive, they thrive in the western South Dakota climate.

To discover whether or not frozen hops could be used in brewing beer, Polley reached out to home brewers and microbrewries in western U.S. to help test the concept. Because the results were so favorable, they decided to do side-by-side tests to determine which tasted better – beer made with dried hops or frozen hops.

Using USDA grants they found through Value Added Ag Development Center, Polley was able to fund multiple tests, using multiple varieties of hops.
The results were uniform. Beer brewed with frozen hops tasted as good, or better than beer brewed with commercial kiln dried hops.

Polley wanted to know if two batches were made at the same time, using dried hops for one batch and frozen for the other, which beer would taste better.
Polley didn’t stop there. Using USDA grants he found through Value Added Ag Development Center, and working with local breweries and brew clubs, Polley tested this theory multiple times, asked Black Hills State University chemists to explore why freezing hops make a better tasting beer, purchased equipment and hired a brew master.

Polley, who doesn’t drink, relies on others - professionals, amateur taste-testers and judges - to determine if frozen hops produce a better-tasting product. Since R&D began, beer produced from Polley’s frozen hops has won top honors at four brew festival contests.

Flavor isn’t the only reason brewers may want to consider using frozen hops over dried. Polley’s research proved a large yield advantage.

“It takes four times less hops to make the same amount of beer,” Polley says.
He explains, that it takes 4 pounds of vine-fresh hops to produce 1 pound of dry hops for market. Whereas 1 pound of vine-fresh hops, produces 1 pound of frozen hops. “If a beer recipe calls for 5 ounces of Cascade (a hop variety), and a brewer uses 5 ounces of dried hops, it took 20 ounces of fresh hops. However, if we use 5 ounces of frozen hops, it only took 5 ounces of fresh hops. And, the beer tastes better,” Polley says.

The ability to produce four times more hops per acre, by changing the preservation method could have a large impact on the hops industry. Polley says his research company, Dakota Hops LLC, needs to do more research and development before he is ready to market his discoveries.

This harvest, they plan to freeze hops in the field using liquid nitrogen (-320 degrees Fahrenheit) with Individual Quick Freeze (IQF) technology. This will preserve hop freshness because it will reduce hop preservation time to a few minutes.

“My business model fits the concept of the Value Added like a glove. We have taken an agriculture product and been able to develop something that prior to this did not exist,” Polley says.

Soren adds, Value Added Ag Development Center fits with the philosophies of South Dakota Farmers Union too. “Value Added shines in its work helping small, rural businesses. If you read our mission statement, you can see it talks about rural America and supporting rural communities. If one business gets started in a rural community, and provides employment to one, two or three individuals, that is a big deal,” Soren explains.

To learn more about the Value Added Agriculture Development Center, visit www. To learn more about how South Dakota Farmers Union supports family farmers, ranchers and their rural communities, visit

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South Dakotans from Ethan, Frederick, Groton, Huron & Pierpont Named 2019 Rural Dakota Pride Honorees

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By Lura Roti for SDFU
Each year, SDFU recognizes individuals who give back to their communities with the Rural Dakota Pride Award. To meet the 2019 honorees, attend the Rural Dakota Pride Ceremony held at 10:30 a.m., Aug. 31 during Farmers Union Day at the South Dakota State Fair on the Freedom Stage. Read on to learn more.
Angie Mueller, Ethan
Empowering girls through running and faith-based principles, Angie Mueller, 40, and her friend, Angie Klock, started the Be{YOU}tiful Strides Running Club in 2015 in Ethan for girls third grade thru sixth grade.

“We wanted to help girls realize that with a little work, encouragement, practice and belief in self, they could do something big,” explains Mueller, who has two daughters, Avery and Sadie and a son, Blake. 

The “something big” was train to run a 5K. Beginning when school starts, the Running Club meets at the city park before school two mornings a week. During stretches, Klock leads a character-building, faith-based object lesson and shares the verse for the week, like Matthew 5:16, “Let your light shine.” Then, they begin run walk intervals together, as Christian tunes play. When their 30 minutes of exercise is complete, the girls together with their teen and adult running mentors walk to school.

“We knew that the only way we could accomplish all our goals was to also focus on Bible truths. We needed God involved too,” says Mueller, who makes fun prizes that help to reinforce the verse to give each girl who memorizes the weekly verse. 

To date, 40 girls and five women coaches are involved in Be{YOU}tiful Strides Running Club. Each October, the Running Club ends their season by hosting a Sparkle Run where they put their training to the test and raise money for a cause, like NHim Orphanages and a community member in need.

As a stay-at-home mom who also works part-time, Mueller says she makes time for Running Club and other volunteer activities like teaching Sunday School and organizing Vacation Bible School for her church because they provide opportunities for her to not only give back to her community, but remain engaged in the lives of her children.

“I wanted to coach my daughters and encourage them to be physically fit. Running Club helps reinforce healthy living and character skills that they can use the rest of their lives,” Mueller says.

To learn more about Running Club, follow them on Facebook, Be{YOU}tiful Strides Runners. 

Jim Lane, Groton
When Jim Lane hears his peers make negative comments about “kids these days.” He is quick to disagree.

“I get to work with kids who put an incredible amount of work into their projects. Their work ethic, fortitude and personal drive are why I like volunteering as the robotics coach,” Jim explains, about the Groton High School students who make up the robotics team he has coached since 2011.

Robotics is a unique extra-curricular activity where teens are given the rules of a game, and then expected to build and program a robot to play that game, competing against another robot built by an opposing team. Governed by an international organization, Robotics Education & Competition Foundation, the youth compete on the state level to qualify for regional, national and international competitions.

As the coach, Jim sees his role as practice organizer, supply provider, provider of transportation and teaching youth problem solving skills. “I don’t tell them anything. Robotics is not like basketball or football where the coach tells kids how to play the game,” he says, explaining that when the teens ask him questions, he asks them more questions. “Robotics teaches them how to problem solve by helping them think through issues. All their lives, they will have to solve problems. No matter what they do or where they go, there will be a problem. Whether it is a mechanical problem or a people problem.”

To emphasize his point further, Jim shares a story about a time when the Groton team qualified for a nation competition with more than 350 teams. “Our team was doing very well and close to the top at the end of the first day of matches. Then, their robot broke in last seconds of competition.”

The teens painstakingly took their robot apart, spending hours testing the parts to locate the problem. By 10 p.m. when the facility closed for the night, they were forced to leave their robot, which they still needed to finish putting back together. The next morning, they arrived early to finish putting the robot back together.

The Groton team ended up placing third overall in their division. “They won because they spent the time working on their robot, finding the problem and fixing it.”

Problem solving is something Jim enjoys. It’s a skill that comes in handy. He is a small business owner of a handyman business, Jim of All Trades. “I enjoy projects and I have a curious mind. The things I read for pleasure are Discovery Magazine and National Geographic.”

Jim first got involved in coaching robotics when his son, Logan, was in high school. Logan had been taking a robotics unit and the teacher learned of a competition in Sioux Falls. Logan and some of his friends were interested in participating, but they needed a parent to provide transportation. When the teacher asked Jim, he said, “yes.”

Then, Jim organized some practices…he was hooked. Even after Logan graduated, Jim is still involved.

“I like watching kids take ownership of their robot and the work it takes,” Jim says.

Along with the opportunity to mentor local youth, Jim appreciates the opportunity to give back to the community he’s called home since 1976. “I like the fact it’s a small town and, when my kids were young and running around, people knew who they were and where they belonged. If they got into trouble, people know where to come.”

Jim has five grown children, Jamie Forrest, CJ, Lincoln, Logan and Marshall. In addition to robotics, Jim and his wife, Melodee, volunteer their time in other areas of the community as well. A few years ago, couple dedicated two years to organizing efforts to fundraise and build a warming house for the community ice rink.

To learn more about the Robotics Education & Competition Foundation, visit
Rich Bakeberg, Frederick
When the Cenex station in Frederick closed, the closest fueling option was 12 miles away in Ellendale, N.D. So, members of the Frederick Development Corporation began searching for other options.

The plan they finally went with was a creative one. The Development Corporation built a self-service fuel station and lease the facility to Agtegra. The local cooperative takes care of everything else.

“After going without a local gas station for quite a while, this was a big success for us and our community,” explains Rich Bakeberg, volunteer chair of the Development Corporation and a 2019 recipient of South Dakota Farmers Union Rural Dakota Pride honor.

A longtime resident of Frederick, Rich donates his time to projects that help make Frederick a community welcoming to young families. Like he and his wife, Gayle, were when they moved to town to raise their family 44 years ago.

“Our focus is to keep Frederick thriving and growing – any opportunities we can create to get new families to the community we will work to do,” explains Rich, who retired four years ago, and then went back to work part-time when Frederick needed a part-time Maintenance manager.

For more than four decades he has served as a volunteer firefighter and spent 25 years with the volunteer ambulance service. For years he kept score for high school basketball games, and when the school needed a bus driver for away games, Rich passed the test so he could do the job.

“I figured, I have three sons and this way I get to watch every game courtside. I was blessed, we got to watch eight Class B State Tournaments while I was volunteer score keeper,” Rich, a veteran, shares. “Frederick is a good place to live and it was a good place to raise my family, and our school system is terrific. We have smaller class size, so students don’t get lost in the crowd.”

In fact, the Frederick Area School has such a good reputation, students from 30 miles away in Aberdeen choose to open enroll. To make it an easy decision for families, the school funds a bus to pick up and drop off students.

“We hope that some of the students’ families will be impressed enough with Frederick that they want to move here,” he says.

In fact, some student’s families have inquired about moving to Frederick, but housing availability was an obstacle. Fortunately, increasing housing options is another project the Development Corporation has undertaken since Rich joined the board more than two decades ago. Currently the organization manages eight apartments, and this summer they will fund the building of a four-bedroom home.

“I get to work with a lot of great people,” Bakeberg explains. “In small towns, we all need to volunteer and help out wherever we can. For me, Frederick is my number one priority.”

Jeannie Hofer, Huron

When Jeannie Hofer explains her work as a volunteer with Manolis Family Safe Center she says, “It’s about accepting and helping and extending a hand and a heart.”

Extending a hand and opening her heart to those in need is second nature for Jeannie, 69, who is grateful an aunt and uncle were there for her, taking her in and raising her when she and her siblings were left without a home due to domestic violence.

The Manolis Family Safe Center is a volunteer organization for victims of domestic abuse and their children. Along with providing victims with a safe place to live, Jeannie and other volunteers take turns buying groceries, cleaning and doing home maintenance, driving family members to counseling and doctor appointments and anything else necessary to “help them feel empowered and in control of their own life,” Jeannie explains. “We give them a new avenue to follow so they don’t have to fall back into the same domestic situation. We can give them guidance to help them make better choices.”

Although she does provide support services to adult victims, Jeannie says her focus is typically the children. “I was one myself. When it comes to domestic violence, children don’t have a choice. Parents do. The children need someone there for them,” Jeannie says. “I encourage them and let them know this is not their fault, and they don’t need to let this experience come between them and their future.”

Even before volunteering for the domestic abuse shelter, Jeannie, a mom to three now grown children, Melissa, Jennifer and Mike, says she and her husband, Wayne, have always had an open-door policy when it came to helping kids. Over the years the couple has opened their home up to several children who needed support or a place to stay.

“I was blessed as a child to have an aunt and uncle who took care of me, so I’ve always wanted to do the same,” she says.

In addition to the Manolis Family Safe Center, Jeannie, who is a small business owner, also volunteers with Coats for Kids, Salvation Army and is an active member of Bethesda Church.

“Huron is where I live. I want to pay back to my community. We have excellent supporters in Huron. Without them, we wouldn’t be able to do what we do,” she says.

Franklin Olson, Pierpont

When Franklin Olson commits to something, he follows through. As a little boy he decided he would farm. As a young man, he expanded his dream, determining to farm 1,000 acres – even though he and his wife, JoAnne had to start from scratch.

Through hard work and tenacity, they expanded and eventually Franklin was farming 1,000 acres and milking a herd of milk cows.

For nearly 65 years, Franklin applied the same dedication to the many organizations he has served. He was only 18 when Farmers Union Independence Local 923 asked him to serve as their Secretary/Treasurer and he said “yes,” and never missed a meeting until he left town for two years to serve in the Army. When he returned, he resumed his role, and went on to serve several terms as Day County Farmers Union President. He served several years on the Brown/Day/Marshall Rural Water System and as well as the State Rural Water Board, helping guide them through several phases of development; served on the board of directors for FSA board as well as the board of the Strand Kjorsvig Living Center and served on the Farmers Union Oil Company board of directors for 35 years – missing only two meetings. Franklin recently completed six years of service, representing District 3 on the South Dakota Farmers Union State Board of Directors.

“It’s always easy to work hard for something you thoroughly believe in,” Franklin says. “I’m glad that a lot of the things I was involved in turned out to be good and successful.”

A strong advocate for Farmers Union and cooperatives, Franklin says both have played a vital role in supporting South Dakota’s farmers. “If we didn’t have cooperatives in our country right now, farmers would not have a local place to do business. Farmers Union is the number one farm organization. We have always fought for family farmers, fair prices and education programs,” he said. “Like agriculture, our cooperative has evolved quite a bit. I have watched it grow from a small cooperative to merge with a cooperative in a neighboring community to better serve farmers throughout our region.”

Because Franklin began serving at such a young age, he had to fit meetings and service activities into his already busy farm and dairy schedule. “Some mornings I got up early, and some nights I worked late. JoAnne was always a great support,” says Franklin, noting that his typical workday began at 5 a.m. since they milked the cows at 6. “People who milk cows do things on time.”


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2019 Farmers Union Fly-In: Giving A Voice to S.D. Agriculture in D.C.

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Ever feel like D.C. politicians don’t understand life on a South Dakota farm or ranch? If your answer is, “yes,” then the National Farmers Union D.C. Fly-In may be the event for you.

“It’s a great opportunity to connect with those leaders who don’t know about the day-to-day life on the farm,” explains Rachel Kippley, a family farmer from Aberdeen who participated in the 2018 Fly-In. “It is really rewarding because you can provide them with a picture of what life is like on your farm or ranch and share your challenges with decision-makers.”

And, Kippley adds, you’re not going it alone. “National Farmers Union does a good job letting us know about the two to four initiatives the organization is focusing on. Then they turn you loose.”

State Farmers Union staff and board members are also by your side, serving as guides, so Fly-In participants can focus on sharing their farm or ranch story.

“Your story is so valuable. This may be the first time some Congressional leaders have ever heard from a family farmer or rancher, so I, Doug and the team do everything we can to make it easy for you to share,” explains Karla Hofhenke, SDFU Executive Director.
During the Fly-In, members meet with Congressional leaders from South Dakota, but also many other states who don’t have Farmers Union Fly-In participants.

Before Hill meetings begin, members get to hear from USDA officials on current and impending policy. They also have an opportunity to ask questions. “Federal officials, just like policymakers, need to hear from the farmers and ranchers they serve,” explains Doug Sombke, SDFU President. “The farmer’s image with the general public isn’t that great right now because there’s the perception that we are too heavily subsidized. We need to help them understand policies that need to change so we can receive a fair price for our product – and also share our ideas for solutions so we won’t need subsidies.”

This year, Sombke sees infrastructure as a hot topic. And, he hopes to also advocate for Inventory Management Soil Enhancement Tool (IMSET). A farmer-led solution to poor markets, IMSET was developed by Craig Blindert and tested by North Dakota State University economics professors. Sombke and Blindert have made other trips to D.C. to advocate for IMSET, urging governmental organizations to consider IMSET, which incentivizes soil health building, as a product for RMA to release to farmers to use alongside crop insurance.

“Farmers and ranchers are resourceful. We have sound ideas about ways to overcome our challenges, but because we are not the creators of many of our challenges – like trade wars and monopolies – we need partners in advocating for policy change. This is why we go to D.C. – to lobby for agriculture and support of agriculture,” Sombke says.

To learn more about the 2019 D.C. Fly-In, Sept. 9-11 contact Karla Hofhenke at 605-352-6761 ext. 114 or

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S.D. Farmers Union Meets with EPA Director to Discuss E30

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South Dakota Farmers Union, together with leaders from 13 South Dakota agriculture organizations, sat down with Gregory Sopkin, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Regional Administrator for District eight to discuss challenges facing South Dakota farmers and ranchers, as well as opportunities to be found through expanded support for higher ethanol blends. The August 1, 2019 South Dakota Ag Roundtable was hosted in Sioux Falls by South Dakota Corn.

“This was a valuable opportunity to provide the farmers’ story and give the EPA a chance to put a face to that story,” explains Doug Sombke, President of S.D. Farmers Union.

Stories like the one shared by a young farmer who participated in the roundtable. “He did a good job describing what it is like as a young farmer. He’s the same age as my son. He shared that there are no markets. All he and other farmers want is to have their markets back. One of the best ways to do this is through ethanol and distillers grains,” explains Sombke, a fourth-generation Conde farmer.

Because of the local marketing opportunities it provides for South Dakota farmers, supporting ethanol has been a focus of South Dakota Farmers Union policy for more than 30 years. Sombke says it was encouraging to hear other organization’s support for expanding the state’s ethanol industry through increased sales of higher ethanol blends, like E30. “During the discussion, the comment was made that young farmers are going broke and E15 isn’t going to cut it,” Sombke shares.

Prior to the roundtable, Sopkin traveled to Watertown to tour Glacial Lakes Energy Cooperative ethanol plants and learn about how the cooperative bolstered local sales of E30 600 percent through an educational campaign, the E30 Challenge.

“The Administration has been trying to help farmers. One way is to expand use of E15. I received education on possibilities of E30 and what a community is doing to promote E30,” Sopkin shared. “When I was at Glacial Lakes Energy, many in the community showed up to say how they used E30 in non-flex fuel vehicles and in general, they had a positive experience.”

Hearing Sopkin’s words, SDFU Executive Director Karla Hofhenke says she is optimistic about the future growth of the state’s ethanol industry. “We’ve worked for decades lobbying for ethanol use to be part of policy dealing with clean air and the environment. It’s not easy because our largest competitor is Big Oil. But, after Administrator Sopkin’s tour of Glacial Lakes and meeting with leaders of ag organizations who shared that one way the President can support farmers is through his support of E30, I am hopeful.”

Support in tough times

Hope is also a word Sombke used when reflecting on the discussion. “Unity was demonstrated today. On the surface, we each have different focuses, but overall, the work we do boils down to supporting South Dakota’s farmers and ranchers. We’re like a family. We may not always get along, but in tough times, we are here for each other. I felt that today,” Sombke says.

Sombke explains that in his role, he visits with farmers and ranchers daily and hears how the current depressed ag economy impacts their lives. “This is the worst I’ve seen South Dakota’s agriculture economy, and I started farming in the 80s.”

Also, during the roundtable, a participant shared that they talked with a South Dakota lawyer who typically works on three to five farm bankruptcies a year, and as of January 2019, the lawyer is working on 52 cases.

“It was encouraging to sit beside other leaders and know that we are all working together,” Sombke says.

E30 was not the only opportunity discussed. Land stewardship and farmers and ranchers’ work to improve soil health were also topics brought up.

“Communicating with the EPA how South Dakota’s farmers and ranchers care for the land and its resources is important,” Sombke explained. “It’s our land and our livelihood.”

To learn more about how South Dakota Farmers Union supports the state’s family farmers and ranchers, visit


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S.D. Farmers Union Welcomes Luke Reindl

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There’s so much going on in the world today, that the challenges family farmers and ranchers face are often not heard by policy makers. Luke Reindl hopes he can help create positive change through his new position as Communications & Policy Specialist with S.D. Farmers Union.

“I think it’s so noisy in the world we live in right now, it’s easy for what’s going on with our family farmers and ranchers to get lost in the mix. I wanted to join Farmers Union so I could be a voice for them and advocate on their behalf,” explains Reindl, who grew up on a cow/calf and crop operation near Wessington Springs.

In his role, Reindl will work closely with members and state staff to enhance and support the organization’s communication and policy efforts.

Working directly with members, meeting with them on their farms and ranches is an aspect of his work that he is familiar with. Prior to joining SD Farmers Union’ team, Reindl worked as a branch manager and ag banker for American Bank and Trust in Wessington Springs.

“Being able to work directly with producers is where I get the greatest reward,” Reindl says. “I understand the direct impact markets and weather have had on our producer families, and I am eager to advocate on their behalf.”

To learn more about South Dakota Farmers Union and the work the grassroots organization does to support South Dakota’s family farmers, ranchers and rural communities, visit

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Truth in Labeling, Food Security, Pre-K Education & More Focus of 2019 State Policy Meeting

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Truth in labeling, E30, affordable housing, pre-K education and food security topped the list of policy discussed during South Dakota Farmers Union annual State Policy meeting, held July 24, 2019, in Huron at the Crossroads Convention Center.

“This is grassroots policy development in action,” explains Doug Sombke, SDFU President. “Leading up to State Convention, this is the most important meetings we participate in. It sets the base for 2020 policy. Members from across the state have a chance to have their voices heard and impact our organization’s policy focus moving forward.”

During the afternoon meeting, members from across the state review the SDFU policy book, discuss and vote on updates suggested by the State Policy Committee. “It’s our job as a committee to listen to what members in our district are saying about changes they’d like to see, review the policy book and see where they would fit,” explains Policy Committee Chair, Jenae Hansen, a sixth-generation South Dakotan, working as a social work consultant for B Consulting, LLC, whose family farms near Turton.

The Policy Committee also reviews the policy book for outdated language, laws or language that needs clarification. In addition to Hansen, who represents District 7, other members of the Policy Committee include Dist. 1, David Cap, Yankton; Dist. 2, Scott Kolousek, Wessington Springs; Dist. 4, Hank Wonnenberg, Gregory; Dist. 5, Mary Ellen Cammack, Sturgis and Dist. 6, Dani Beer, Keldron.

“I enjoy seeing grassroots policy come together from members’ ideas and solutions,” explains Keldron rancher, Danni Beer of why she agreed to serve District 6 as a Policy Committee member. “This meeting, and state convention, are a great way for members to voice their thoughts on policy that they don’t agree with or don’t think is worded quite right.”

Winner farmer, Joel Keierleber agrees. “There are a lot of issues to look at and address,” he explains. And, although he could have spent the day repairing fence taken out by spring floods, Keierleber, like many other members, made time for the Policy Meeting.

From its inception more than a century ago, developing policy to support family farmers, ranchers and rural communities has been a focus of Farmers Union. And, for many members, policy development is a role they take seriously.

“Policy is very important. It’s something I truly love, so having the opportunity to use some of my policy development knowledge and experience to serve an organization I care a lot about is a great opportunity,” Hansen says. “As a membership organization, that is truly driven by its members, this policy meeting is so important because it structures what our voice will be when we advocate and talk with legislators.”

 To learn more about SDFU current policy, contact Karla Hofhenke for a copy of the policy book. All policy discussed and voted on during the State Policy Meeting, will be reviewed and voted on again by delegates during the 2019 State Convention.

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Get to Know 2019 Rural Dakota Pride Honoree, Franklin Olson, Pierpont

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When Franklin Olson commits to something, he follows through. As a little boy he decided he would farm. As a young man, he expanded his dream, determining to farm 1,000 acres – even though he and his wife, JoAnne had to start from scratch.

Through hard work and tenacity, they expanded and eventually Franklin was farming 1,000 acres and milking a herd of milk cows.

For nearly 65 years, Franklin applied the same dedication to the many organizations he has served. He was only 18 when Farmers Union Independence Local 923 asked him to serve as their Secretary/Treasurer and he said “yes,” and never missed a meeting until he left town for two years to serve in the Army. When he returned, he resumed his role, and went on to serve several terms as Day County Farmers Union President. He served several years on the Brown/Day/Marshall Rural Water System and as well as the State Rural Water Board, helping guide them through several phases of development; served on the board of directors for FSA board as well as the board of the Strand Kjorsvig Living Center and served on the Farmers Union Oil Company board of directors for 35 years – missing only two meetings. Franklin recently completed six years of service, representing District 3 on the South Dakota Farmers Union State Board of Directors.

“It’s always easy to work hard for something you thoroughly believe in,” Franklin says. “I’m glad that a lot of the things I was involved in turned out to be good and successful.”

A strong advocate for Farmers Union and cooperatives, Franklin says both have played a vital role in supporting South Dakota’s farmers. “If we didn’t have cooperatives in our country right now, farmers would not have a local place to do business. Farmers Union is the number one farm organization. We have always fought for family farmers, fair prices and education programs,” he said. “Like agriculture, our cooperative has evolved quite a bit. I have watched it grow from a small cooperative to merge with a cooperative in a neighboring community to better serve farmers throughout our region.”

Because Franklin began serving at such a young age, he had to fit meetings and service activities into his already busy farm and dairy schedule. “Some mornings I got up early, and some nights I worked late. JoAnne was always a great support,” says Franklin, noting that his typical workday began at 5 a.m. since they milked the cows at 6. “People who milk cows do things on time.”

More about Rural Dakota Pride

Franklin is one of five volunteers recognized for their selfless contributions to South Dakota rural communities by South Dakota Farmers Union (SDFU) with the 2019 Rural Dakota Pride Honor August 31, during the 2019 South Dakota State Fair.

“Community is created and maintained through the efforts of volunteers,” explains Karla Hofhenke, SDFU Executive Director.

The other 2019 Rural Dakota Pride honorees include: Angie Mueller, Ethan; Jim Lane, Groton; Rich Bakeberg, Frederick and Jeannie Hofer, Huron.

As an organization which serves South Dakota’s family farmers and ranchers, Doug Sombke, SDFU President, says Farmers Union recognizes the important role strong rural communities play in supporting agriculture producers and their families.

“South Dakota’s agriculture producers and their communities are closely connected. In good economic times they both prosper. When the economy is down, like today with the trade war, low commodity prices and extreme weather conditions, they both feel the pain,” Sombke said. “The Rural Dakota Pride honor is one of many ways SDFU works to show our support for both.”

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